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Woodchuck Removal in Topeka, KS

  • Woodchucks are stocky in appearance. They stand up on their hind legs, which makes them look taller and are a grey or cinnamon to dark color.
  • Males and females are the same color, but males are larger than females. They have a total of 22 teeth and rounded ears.
  • Woodchucks are polygynous, males having multiple mates per season.
  • Male woodchucks emerge from hibernation earlier than females in order to establish their territory and to search for other males. Older males are nomadic with the exception mating season. They are nonsocial and during breeding season, male-female interactions are limited to copulation.
  • Females are monoestrous and mating only occurs during the spring.
  • Shortly after they emerge from hibernation is when the breeding occurs, the exact time of breeding varies with latitude.
  • Female woodchucks give birth to up to 9 offspring’s (average 5 pups). Each pup weighs about 27 grams at birth.  Gestation last 32 days and are weaned at 44 days old.  The pups become independent and leave the mother at 2 months old.
  • Females provide all of the care to the young and occasionally the females who are young inherit their mothers den.
  • Woodchucks live to be 6 years old in the wild and 10 years old in captivity.
  • Woodchucks are burrowing mammals and construct both summer and winter dens. Most of the time hese dens have several entrances and all dens include an escape hole.  These dens have many chambers and tunnels.  The tunnels may have as many as five entrances and fifty (50) feet of total tunnel distance.  They can climb and swim, but they would rather stay in lawns and gardens to forage.
  • Woodchucks feed twice daily during the summer, each feeding session lasting about two (2) hours each.
  • Woodchucks threated by conspecifics respond by arching their bodies, baring their teeth and raising their tail. They will also communicate via scent glands and vocalizations.
  • They are very territorial and nonsocial. Sight, sound, and smell is very important for communication.  Secretions from facial and anal glands are used to demarcate territorial boundaries.  They will hiss, growl, shriek, whistle, chatter their teeth, and bark.
  • Woodchuck uses their site to detect predators and to make visual threats. Fighting is used to establish social rank.
  • Woodchucks are diurnal and their feeding activity is highest during morning and afternoon. Plant food consists of leaves, wood, bark, stems, seeds, grains, nuts, and flowers.
  • Woodchucks avoid predators by climbing trees. They use their teeth to defend themselves and will produce a very shrill whistle when threatened. Known predators are coyotes, domestic dogs, foxes, hawks, and snakes.
  • Abandoned dens are used by rabbits, skunks, raccoons, opossums, foxes, chipmunks, shrews, house mice, pine voles, lizards, snakes, and arthropods.
  • Woodchucks are a host to botflies, nematodes, protozoa, tularemia, rabies, chiggers, mites, ticks, fleas, and lice.
  • They will destroy gardens, pastures, and crops. Their borrows have been known to destroy building foundations.
  • Woodchucks have numerous common names including groundhog and whistle pig. The word woodchuck  native American name “wuchak” which translates as “the digger”.

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785-251-0600
info@vanishingvarmints.com
Topeka, KS

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